Las dietas “milagro” son una estafa y suelen dañar nuestra salud

En el mercado hay métodos “milagrosos” para la pérdida de peso. Estas dietas en la mayoría de los casos están creadas por personas ajenas al campo de la nutrición o sin conocimientos científicos. Aseguran que con ellas perderemos peso de forma rápida, fácil y definitiva, pero jamás se cumplen esas promesas. ¿Como podemos detectar una dieta “milagro”? Por estos tres signos: La promesa de una pérdida de peso rápida, no requiere mucho esfuerzo y la afirmación de que es completamente segura, sin riesgos de salud.

Según la Sociedad Española de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición (AESAN), las dietas milagro se pueden clasificar en tres grandes grupos:

  1. Dietas hipocalóricas desequilibradas: Provocan un efecto rebote que causa una rápida ganancia de peso. Esto se traduce en aumento de masa grasa y pérdida de masa muscular causado porque el metabolismo se adapta a la disminución drástica de la ingestión de energía mediante una disminución del gasto energético. Estas dietas suelen ser monótonas, con deficiencias de nutrientes y se prologan en largos periodos de tiempo.
  2. Dietas disociativas: Se basan en el fundamento de que los alimentos no contribuyen al aumento de peso por sí mismos, sino al consumirse según determinadas combinaciones. No limitan la ingestión de alimentos energéticos sino que pretenden impedir su aprovechamiento como fuente de energía con la disociación. Esta teoría carece de fundamento científico y los resultados obtenidos solo obedecen a un menor consumo e energía.
  3. Dietas excluyentes: Se basan en eliminar de la dietan algún nutriente. Estas dietas pueden ser:
  •  Ricas en hidratos de carbono y sin lípidos y proteínas como la dieta Dr. Prittikin y la Dieta del Dr. Haas.
  •  Ricas en proteínas y sin hidratos de carbono como la Dieta de Scardale o la Dieta de Hollywood.
  •  Bajas en hidratos de carbono, por lo que acaban convirtiendose en hiperproteícas, como la Dieta Dukan.
  •  Ricas en grasa: Se conocen como dietas cetogénicas, pueden ser muy peligrosas para la salud, como la Dieta de Lutz.

El método de la Báscula recomienda el triangulo saludable:

A) ALIMENTOS CON HIDRATOS DE CARBONO (pasta, arroz, patatas, legumbres…): Este grupo es el que aporta la energía necesaria para nuestra actividad diaria, si no hacemos actividad física este grupo debe consumirse de manera moderada (100-120 gr.) de lo contrario engordaremos. Lo ideal es consumir un plato normal (180-200 gr) de este tipo de preparación, con el alimento cocido.

  • Un plato de macarrones con tomate frito y albahaca.
  • Un plato de arroz con verduras y setas.
  • Un plato de patatas guisadas con alcachofas.
  • Un plato de lentejas con verduras..
  • ALIMENTOS CON PROTEÍNAS (carne, pescado, huevos, legumbres, tofu…): En este caso lo ideal es una ración (120-150 gr) cocinada. Alternar pescados blancos (merluza, bacalao…) con pescados azules (sardinas, atún…). Limitar el consumo de yemas de huevo usando las claras. Las legumbres deben mezclarse con algún alimento del grupo de los cereales (pan, arroz, maíz)

.ALIMENTOS CON VITAMINAS, MINERALES Y FIBRAS (vegetales y hortalizas): Se pueden preparar de numerosas formas (crudas, salteadas, al horno, papillote…) Lo ideal es una ración de (150 gr) como primer plato o como guarnición.

Este triangulo debe acompañarse con otros dos grupos de alimentos: PAN (40-50 gr) Y FRUTA .

( Los textos son de autor desconocido, fueron copiados y recontados por Adonis)


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